Four Study Halls

Four Study HallsOn either side of the courtyard are four subsidiary halls devoted to the lamas’ studies of specialized subjects: medicine in the Medicine Hall; mathematics in the Mathematics Hall; esoteric in the Esoteric Hall; Buddhist philosophy in the Exoteric Hall. Twenty-six students of Tibetan and Mongolian nationalities were sent from Inner Mongolia, Qinghai and Liaoning. They came to study at Yonghegong Lamasery in spring 1981 and have taken part in Buddhist ceremonies. The youngest was 20 years old and the oldest 34. They all came from Buddhist families. The courses are: Tibetan language, the religious discipline of the Yellow Sect, the traditional sutras and religious rituals. Half of their time is spent in classroom studies and the rest in ser-vices in the compound. They follow monastic discipline and are expected to become successors to the elder lamas staffing the temple at present.

Yonghedian (The Hall of Harmony)

The second main hall is the Hall of Harmony, formerly a meeting place for Emperor Yongzheng. Buddhism has it that the second main hall is usually called Mahavira Hall, or Daxiongbaodian (the Great Temple of Powerful Treasure) in Chinese, Mahavira is an honorable title for Sakyamuni.

On the central altar are placed Buddhas of the Three Ages: Sakyamuni, Buddha of the Present in the middle, who created Buddhism about 2,500 years ago; Buddha of the Past Yeja, on the left; Buddha of the Future Maitreya on the right. In front of Sakyamuni are his two disciples, Ananda on the left, Mahakasyapa on the right. In the hands of some of the Buddhas are ribbons known as hada, a most precious gift to the Honorable.

.Placed on the altar in front of the Buddhas of the Three Ages are the seven treasures: gold, silver, jade, pearl, sea shell, diamond, jadeite; and the eight magic weapons: the wheel of the law, the conch shell, the state umbrella, the canopy, the lotus flower, the covered vase, the pair of fish and the endless knot. The top lamas are divided into three ranks; Buddha, Bodhisattva and Arhat.

On both sides of the hall stand eighteen Arhats. It is said-that they were disciples of Sakyamuni and instructed by Sakyamuni to stay on earth to diffuse Buddhism if they wished to attain Buddhahood.

Here is a painting of Thousand-hand-and-eye Bodhisattva. It is said that he could see all the human bitterness and difficulties and help people to overcome them. That’s why he has a thousand hands and eyes.

Leave Us Your Message

  • Please fill in the relevant information and click the "Submit" button. Your private tour operator will get back to you by email within 24 hours. For urgent booking, please call us at +86-10-85893819, or mobile phone +86-13910972927.