West Changan Avenue Neighbourhood

The West Chang’an Avenue Neighbourbood is located to the west of Tian’anmen Gate. It covers an area of 4.5 square kilometres.
The neighbourhood has a total of 22,000 families with 82,000 people and is under the leadership of the West City District Government. Under the neighbourhood are 34 residents’ committees and 5 kindergartens. The Lianzi Residents’ Committee covers 3 lanes, with 2,400 people in 690 households. It is a mass organization and has 15 members, who are elected by the residents.

The function of the residents’ committee is to organize the residents to study politics and pay attention to state affairs. They are organized into small groups in which they study twice a week. To organize women to take part in work is also the responsibility of the residents’ committee. They are divided into painting group, sewing or embroidery group according to their skill. They do processing work for big factories. Most of them are older women and they get pay. To help prevent disease and do health work9 the residents’ committee runs a clinic in which five health workers are working. They were chosen and sent to big hospitals for three-month training. The residents call them bare-foot doctors. Their job is to put prevention first. They go to the mountain areas and the suburbs to collect herbal medicine indifferent seasons. They treat minor cases and give inoculations to the children in the area free of charge. They do a lot of work on family planning. The community has also established an after-school activity centre to educate the youngsters so that the parents need not worry about their children at home. The youngsters are also organized to take part in various kinds of sports after school. The centre sometimes organizes the young people to plant trees in spring and do general cleaning.


The clinic is set up for prevention and treatment of diseases.

It treats minor cases and helps do health work especially for women and children, with emphasis on prevention. The health workers make home call when a baby is born, instruct the mother to pay attention to dietetic hygiene, B.C.G inoculation given to the baby. Small-pox vaccination is given to the baby when he is one year old and inoculations against diphtheria, whooping cough and tetanus are given every year. After home call, the health workers keep a health card for each baby. When the child goes to school, the health card is passed on to the school. The health workers take on the responsibility of checking women for breast cancer and uterus cancer so that they are discovered at an early stage and could be treated in time. The clinic also takes care of family planning. The health workers emphasize among women of child-bearing age the importance of family planning and tell them how to use contraceptives. They publicize the benefits of planned parenthood. Contraceptives and devices are provided free of charge. In medical care, they combine traditional Chinese medicine with Western medicine. They take blood pressure of the patients and treat them with massage, acupuncture, cupping, plum-blossom needles and so on. Home delivery of medicine is offered to bed-ridden people.

In 1982, a total of 370,000 couples were divorced in the court throughout China, but it was still below the national average since 1949.

The Chinese courts usually deal with an average of 40,000 cases each year. The largest number was 1.17 million in 1953. Many of the earlier divorces involved marriages arranged by the couples’ parents before 1949.

Most of the current divorces were caused by hasty or immature marriages, male chauvinism, or the involvement of the third parties. More than 70 per cent of those asking for divorces were women aged between 35 and 45.

In China, divorce is granted when both the husband and the wife request it. When they disagree, their work units may step in and try to mediate. Either party may also appeal directly to the court for a rule. Every effort is made to reconcile unhappy couples.
When mediation has failed, divorce is granted. About 25 percent of all would-be divorces were reconciled in 1982.

More peasant women have been asking for divorces in recent years. Because most women can’t suffer the bullying of their husbands.

China’s crime rate is one of the lowest in the world. But the Public Security is calling for improvement in the work of the police, the procuratorate and the judiciary to ensure the success of the nation’s modernization programme.

In the last few years, social order has been greatly improved. The number of crimes is dropping and the people feel more secure, al-though in some places major crime still poses quite a problem.

As an example of improvement, the number of crimes reported to authorities dropped 15.9 percent in 1982 to 748,476 as compared with 890,281 in 1981. In the first four months of 1983, the number was 200,000, continuing the decline.
At the same time, the rate of cracking a criminal case has picked up speed. In 1982, some 70-80 percent of all criminal cases and more than 90 percent of major ones were cleared up.

Nineteen eighty-six saw China continue to have a low number of criminal cases on record, averaging 52 for every 100,000 people, the same number as the previous year.

The number of criminal cases has dropped dramatically since a nation-wide crackdown on crime began in 1983. This is because of the practice of keeping a tough policy involving serious crimes and a policy of encouraging criminals as well as ordinary citizens to offer information regarding crimes. What is more is the efforts of thousands of volunteers who have been actiye in playing a role in keeping public order. However, present public order is still not as good as in the first years after the founding of new China. This shows that the nation’s public security, procuratorial and judicial departments should redouble their efforts to ensure the success of China’s modernization programme.

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