Field events are jumping and throwing events that record the performance in height and distance. At the Athens 1896 Olympic Games, there were six men’s field events including high jump, pole vault, long jump, triple jump, shot put, and discus throw. Up to now a total of 28 Olympic Games have been staged, and consequently the field events have been increasing.
High Jump derived from the activity of our ancestors’ getting across barriers in living and labor. It was initially classified into gymnastics, and until the Athens 1896 Olympic Games and the Amsterdam 1928 Olympic Games and the Amsterdam 1928 Olympic Games, men’s and women’s high jump were listed in sports events in succession. High jump has undergone five development stages, including straddle jump, scissors jump, roll, flop and eastern layout. In high jump, the landing sector shall be at least 5 m long and 3 m wide, and the runway for running up shall be 15 m at least.
The official event of triple jump can be traced back to a sports meeting held Scotland in 1826. In competition, the athlete shall do three jumps with different forms after run-up, including the first jump of single-foot jumping and landing on the take-off foot, the second of hitch-kicking and landing on the swinging leg foot. And the third of both feet landing on the sand pit. Men’s triple jump was included into field events of Olympic Games in 1896, and women’s tripe jump was official listed into Olympic Games In 1992.
Long jump has been one of the Pentathlon events since the Ancient Olympic Games of 708 BC. Modern long jump originated from UK, and men’s long jump has been included as a sports event since the Athens 1896 Olympic Games. The athlete must start from behind the balk line. The flight movements include crouch, hang and walk-in-air.
Shot put commenced from Europe in 1340s. In 1896, shot put has become an official event in the first Modern Olympic Games. The shot weighs 16 lbs and is spherical, smooth in surface and made of solid iron, copper or any other metal with the hardness better than copper.
Pole vault derived from the ancient people using wooden stick and spear and so on for supporting to cross barriers. It is in the UK that pole vault first became a field event. The pole has no diameter and length restrictions but smooth surface is required. In competition, the athlete must plant the pole in the planting box and then jump; after landing, the hand holding the pole mustn’t move upward. There’re three trials for each height. Men’s pole vault has been included as an official Olympic event since the Athens 1896 0lympic Games, and women’s pole vault has become an official Olympic event since the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games.
Discus throw stemmed from the stone-throwing activity of the Ancient Creek. The body of the discus is made of wood or other proper materials, inlaid with a circular metal ring. The discus for men weighs 2 kg, and l kg for women. In competition an athlete shall throw the discus within a circle of D-2.50 m, and the throw is only valid when the discus lands within the sector line of 40°angle, Men’s and women’s discus throw were respectively listed into Olympic Games in 1896 and 1928.
Hammer throw originated from the hammer, a miner’s tool in Medieval Scotland. Hammer throw men was included into sports events in the Paris 1900 Olympic Games and hammer throw women was included in the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. The hammer consists of three parts body, wire and handle. The body of the hammer is the same shape as the shot body. In competition, an athlete must throw out the hammer with both hands within the circle of D-2.135m and the throw is only valid when the hammer hits the ground within the sector line of 40°angle.
Combined event came from Ancient Greece, and pentathlon appeared in as early as the 708 BC Ancient Olympic Games. Commencing from Europe, modern combined event is carried out in two days as scheduled, within which an athlete must complete all the items. Men’s decathlon includes one-day 100 m sprint, long jump, shot put, high jump and 400 m running, and then one-day 110 m hurdles, discus throw, pole vault, javelin throw and 1500 m running.
Women’s heptathlon was first included into sports events in the Tokyo 1964 Olympic Games. The event is also fulfilled in two days, including one-day 110 m hurdles, high jump, shot put, 200 m running and then one-day long jump, javelin throw and 800m running. An athlete must complete all the items and then is recorded for ranking according to a total mark.
Javelin throw originated from the hunting activities of the ancient human using spear to kill beasts. Men’s and women’s javelin throw were respectively included into sports events in the London 1908 Olympic Games and the Los Angeles 1932Jlympic Games. The javelin consists of body, head and handle. Javelin for men weighs 800 g, and 600g for women. In competition, the athlete must single-handedly throw out the javelin above his or her shoulder and the throw is only valid when the head lands within the sector line of the putting area.