History of the Republic of China

Following the 1911 Revolution, Beijing became the stage for important events in the development of modern republican China. On 4 May 1919, Tiananmen Square was the arena of an historic mass demonstration: students and patriots, in what became known as the ‘May Fourth Movement’, passionately denounced the humiliating terms for China under the newly-signed Treaty of Versailles. It was a show of solidarity that started many Chinese on the road to socialism. In 1928, when the political center of the Republic was moved t o the Nationalists’ power base at Nanjing, the old name of ‘Beiping’ was restored to the abandoned capital. The Nationalist old guard in Taiwan continue to use that name to this day.

Emerging from its Japanese occupation between 1937 and 1945, the city had to wait another four years before regaining its paramount status. The communists entered Beijing unopposed in January 1949. On 1 October, Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed the establishment of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from the rostrum of the Gate of Heavenly Peace, and a new era for Beijing, indeed for the whole of China, began.

Leave Us Your Message

  • Please fill in the relevant information and click the "Submit" button. Your private tour operator will get back to you by email within 24 hours. For urgent booking, please call us at +86-10-85893819, or mobile phone +86-13910972927.