Qin Dynasty Great Wall of China

Qin Great WallThe sections of the Great wall began to be called the Great Wall in the time of Qin Shihuang, the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty. In 221 BC, Qin Shihuang defeated the other six kingdoms and unified China. Since the six states were all conquered by him, the first united feudal empire in Chinese history came into He established the first centralized feudal country, and he gave himself the title: the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, Emperor Qin Shi Huang. In order to consolidate the unity, he not only made use of the common law, the common system of currency, weight and measures but also paid more attention to military affairs. He decided to link up the separate sections of high walls, built by different kingdoms, into the Great Wall, especially the high walls in the northern part of China built by State Qin, Zhao and Yan in order to ward off harassment by the Huns ( an ancient nationality in northern China) and for the use of further defensive projects. A great many sections were linked up and expanded, and finally it was extended into a Great Wall.

The linking work took 10 years to finish until the end of the Qin Dynasty in 206 BC. About 300, 000 solders and one million people, one fifth of China’s population at that time, were involved in the project. When it was finished, the total length of the Great Wall was over 5, 000 kilometers long (3, 100 miles); so in Chinese we call it “Wan Li Chang Cheng”, which means: Ten Thousand Li Long Wall. (Li is the Chinese unit of measurement; about 500 meters or half a kilometer equal one Li). The Qin Great Wall started from Lintao, Gansu Province in the west and ended in Liaodong, Liaoning Province in the east.

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