Emperor Qin Shihuang

Emperor Qin Shihuang

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Qin Shihuang was the first Emperor of the Qin Dynasty. Upon the death of his father, he ascended the throne at the age of thirteen.

His father’s powerful chancellor Lu Buwei served as co-regent until he was 21 years old. He soon forced the former regent into exile and started launching military campaigns to unify the country.

He spent ten years from 230 to 221 BC to wipe out all the six different states one after another and established the first centralized feudal state in the Chinese history. He proclaimed himself Qin Shihuang, the first Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, and all important officials of the central and local governments were to be appointed and dismissed by him. During his reign, he worked out a uniform code of law and standardized currency, weight and measures and even the written language. He also had the different sections of the walls built by various warring states along their frontiers linked up and had the Great Wall built. All these measures were helpful to the consolidation of unification and promoted economic and cultural developments.

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