Museum of Chinese History Slave Society

Ⅱ. The Slave Society (21st century to 476 BC)
19. This painting describes an ancient Chinese legend in which Yu the Great led the people to control the Yellow River floods. A son of Yu the Great established China is first imperial hereditary dynasty-the Xia Dynasty.
20. These are the weapons made in the Shang Dynasty over 3,000years ago. The remains of the palace and the city walls were unearthed in Henan. The state apparatus of the slave-owning system was quite complete. At that time the city was the centre of the ruling slave-owners.
21. According to historical records, the main crops in the Shang Dynasty were rice and wheat. Due to the development of agriculture, breweries were set up.
22. These are the earliest porcelain pieces uncovered in Henan. With the development of handicrafts production, primitive porcelain appeared.
23. This indicates the process of bronze smelting and casting. These are malachite and charcoal, used for bronze smelting.
24. This is a bronze wine vessel of the early Shang period. It was uncovered in a tomb in 1976. The owner of the tomb was a woman general. This special shape vessel is the only one ever found in China and the world.
25. This is a bronze vessel of the Shang Dynasty, known as simuwuding. It weighs 875 kilos, the heaviest ever discovered in China. It was a sacrificial vessel offered by King Wenting to his mother, which was unearthed at Anyang, Henan Province.
26. This is a wine vessel with four ram heads, called zun in Chinese.
27. These are jade pieces discovered in the tomb of a woman general. The carvings on them are elegant.
28. The whole set of musical instruments was made of stone, with tiger designs on them. They were produced in the Shang Dynasty.
29. These are cowry shells used as currency during that period.
30. The use of characters was quite common in the Shang Dynasty. People engraved characters on oracle bones, called the oracle bone inscriptions, which consisted of more than 5,000 pictographic characters. At present, we can only recognize one-third of them.
31. This is the model of a tomb unearthed at Anyang, Henan Province in 1950, where 79 slaves were found buried as human sacrifices along with the slave-owner. On the two terraces were discovered45 individuals, while at .the base 34 skulls and 6 chariots. Around the tomb are 7 large pits for sacrificial service where over 300 skeletons of slaves were uncovered. When the slave-owner died, the slaves were killed and served as human sacrifices, Some were found buried alive with their arms tied up while others, as shown by their posture, died after a painful struggle.
32. This is a bronze tripod of the Western Zhou Dynasty with inscription recording the bestowal of 1,709 slaves by King Kang upon a nobleman named Yu. It is known as Dayuding in China.
33. This is .the model of a chariot used by the nobility. The chariot was drawn by two horses.
34. This bronze object, known as Guojizibai vessel, was un-earthed in the Qing Dynasty, with 110 characters inside. It was recorded that a nobleman fought bravely in the battle. He was rewarded the vessel by King Xuan for his bravery.
35. These are the iron wares of the Spring and Autumn Period, discovered in Hunan Province. The technique of mining and iron-making was developed in China at that time.
36. During the Spring and Autumn Period, iron ware was made. The currency used then was cast in the shape of farm implements, such as spades.
37. This part describes the armed revolt by the slaves who pound-ed the rule of the slave-owner in the late period of the Slave-owning Society.
38. This is a portrait of Confucius, a famous educationist and a great thinker in the Chinese history. These are the works by Confucius. In his later years he was engaged in teaching and compiling books. He exerted an important influence on the development of Chinese culture and education. He was the founder of the Confucian school.
39. This is a portrait of Sun Zi, a strategist of the Spring and Autumn Period. “Know the enemy and know yourself, and you will win all battles.” This quotation from his famous work Military Strategy bone inscriptions, which consisted of more than 5,000 pictographic characters. At present, we can only recognize one-third of them.
31. This is the model of a tomb unearthed at Anyang, Henan Province in 1950, where 79 slaves were found buried as human sacrifices along with the slave-owner. On the two terraces were discovered45 individuals, while at .the base 34 skulls and 6 chariots. Around the tomb are 7 large pits for sacrificial service where over 300 skeletons of slaves were uncovered. When the slave-owner died, the slaves were killed and served as human sacrifices, Some were found buried alive with their arms tied up while others, as shown by their posture, died after a painful struggle.
32. This is a bronze tripod of the Western Zhou Dynasty with inscription recording the bestowal of 1,709 slaves by King Kang upon a nobleman named Yu. It is known as Dayuding in China.
33. This is the model of a chariot used by the nobility. The chariot was drawn by two horses.
34. This bronze object, known as Guojizibai vessel, was un-earthed in the Qing Dynasty, with 110 characters inside. It was recorded that a nobleman fought bravely in the battle. He was rewarded the vessel by King Xuan for his bravery.
35. These are the iron wares of the Spring and Autumn Period,discovered in Hunan Province. The technique of mining and iron-mak-ing was developed in China at that time.
36. During the Spring and Autumn Period, iron ware was made.
The currency used then was cast in the shape of farm implements, such as spades.
37. This part describes the armed revolt by the slaves who pounded the rule of the slave-owner in the late period of the Slave-owning Society.
38. This is a portrait of Confucius, a famous educationist and a great thinker in the Chinese history. These are the works by Confucius. In his later years he was engaged in teaching and compiling books. He exerted an important influence on the development of Chinese culture and education. He was the founder of the Confucian school.
39. This is a portrait of Sun Zi, a strategist of the Spring and Autumn Period. “Know the enemy and know yourself, and you will win all battles.” This quotation from his famous work Military Strategy247and Tactics still strips with the1972.

Leave Us Your Message

  • Please fill in the relevant information and click the "Submit" button. Your private tour operator will get back to you by email within 24 hours. For urgent booking, please call us at +86-10-85893819, or mobile phone +86-13910972927.