Jingshan Park

Jingshan ParkJingshan Park(Coal Hill Park) lies right to the north of Forbidden City(Palace Museum). It is not a big tourist spot, but a famous destination for traveling in Beijing. Jingshan Park Beijing used to be a private garden of the imperial family. When the Imperial Palace was built in the early Ming Dynasty, the earth excavated to make the moat was piled up, and five peaks took shape. Coal was once heaped around the foot of the hill, it is therefore also known as Coal Hill. In Qianlong’s time, fruit trees grew and birds were raised in the grounds, the place was then called the Hundred Fruits Garden. Feudal emperors came here to climb the hill, attend the banquets, shoot arrows and enjoy flowers as well. The hill is just behind the Forbidden City. It used to be a natural screem In the Ming and Qing dynasties, Jingshan Park was regarded as “Dominating Hill”, a symbol of stability of the feudal rulers. Five pavilions were later built on the ridges, From east to west they are: Guanmiaoting (Wonderful View Pavilion), Zhoushangting (Surrounding View Pavilion), Wanchunting (Everlasting Spring Pavilion), Fulanting (Panoramic View Pavilion) and Jifangting (Harmonious Fragrance Pavilion). From the hilltop, visitors can have a bird’s-eye view of the city. There used to be a bronze statue of a god in each of the pavilions. Unfortunately four of them were stolen by the allied forces of the eight powers in 1900, and the one on the uppermost pavilion was totally damaged, Entering the front gate, you come to Qiwanglou (Chamber of Beautiful Expectation) which stands with its back to the hill 43 metres high. In the old days there was a Confucius’ shrine in the building, where the Qing officials and scholars paid their respects to him. It is now a gift shop.

Behind the hill is Shouhuangdian (Hall of Imperial Longevity) where the portraits of the ancestors of the Qing court were housed. To its east is Guandedian (Hall of View of Virtue) used as a temporary resting-place for deceased emperors before burial.
Coal Hill Park was opened to the public in 1928. After liberation, the buildings were renovated and flowers and fruit trees were planted. The Hall of Imperial Longevity was turned into a Children’s Palace. Now the Coal Hill Park has become one of the popular holiday resorts for the people of Beijing.

Coal was once heaped around the foot of the hill, it is therefore known as the Coal Hill. The five pavilions on the ridges were built in1750. The last Ming Emperor hanged himself on one of the locust trees when the peasant rebels broke into Beijing in 1644. On top of the hill, you can get a bird’s-eye view of the Forbidden City and the city of Beijing.

Jingshan Park-A Giant Buddha
The Beijing Evening News reported on June 22, 1987 that viewed from the air, the Coal Hill Park is just like a smiling giant Buddha. This was a new discovery in testing remote sensing colourful images by the remote sensing technical experts of the Ministry of Geology and Mineral Resources.

The surrounding wall of Coal Hill Park is like a big scenery frame. The delightful scenery in the park forms a huge Buddha sitting in the centre. The experts said that perhaps it was designed by the ancient builders or it was an accidental coincidence. It remains to be studied and verified in the days to come.

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